Nettpublikasjon - AmS Nett 6

Fuglestvedt, I. 2005:Pionerbosetningens fenomenologi. Sørvest-Norge og Nord-Europa 10 200 / 10 000 – 9500 BP. ISSN 0809-618X

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Fuglestvedt, Ingrid


Pionerbosetningens fenomenologi. Sørvest-Norge og Nord-Europa 10 200 / 10 000 – 9500 BP.
URN:NBN:no-a1740, ISBN 82-7760-122-0, UDK 903(481)"6328/633"
Senpaleolitikum, tidligmesolitikum, Nord-Europa, Sørvest-Norge, fenomenologi, pionerbosetning, jegere-sankere, reinsdyr

The Phenomenology of the Pioneer Settlement aims at an understanding of the earliest colonization of South-Western Norway from the perspective of a North European Late Upper Palaeolithic tradition. The period studied covers the time span 10 200 / 10 000 – 9500 BP. The Ahrensburg group of the Continent is understood as a parallel to, or the “same”, as the oldest part of the Norwegian Fosna Tradition due to a renewed investigation of the lithic assemblages in Norway in comparison to Continental find assemblages.

With the use of a phenomenological framework, this work studies the pioneer experiences and the pioneer condition in different perspectives. A basic precondition is the recognition that the plains of the European Continent on the one side, and the rocky, mountainous landscapes along the south-western and western Norwegian coast on the other, appeared as distinct “worlds” – the homely, habitual world of the Continent in contrast to the alien world on the far side of the Norwegian Trench (parts of today’s North Sea). The pioneer process as a social process and a process of enculturation of a new landscape is investigated by way of phenomenological concepts such as intentionality, body, intersubjectivity and life world.

The Late Upper Palaeolithic tradition of blade technique could be seen as fragments of a total bodily knowledge and expression. The “sameness” in technology which can be observed in Continental and Norwegian site assemblages, is understood as the pioneer people’s productions and reproductions of this traditional knowledge, but applied in a different landscape context from which it originated, i.e. the Late Upper Palaeolithic of the Continent. The physical contrasts between the old and the new world thus imply bodily conditions involving encounters of “usefulness and resistance” constituting the specific meaning given to the unknown lands. Thus, the new environments were imprinted on the pioneer people’s experiences and provided a basis for understandings of their “connection” or “origin” with the new lands. The pioneer experiences implied an extension of the Ahrensburgians’ original life world. The groups’ understanding of their connection to the new world – i.e. developments of “origin myths” – is investigated by way of general discussions of landscape perceptions. I interpret the emergence of a “social definition” of the new world as an intersubjectively process taking place over a long time span. This “long process” is explained as partly due to strong egalitarian structures of the Late Upper Palaeolithic societies.

The triggering factors for the expansion into the foreign landscapes of the Land Beyond are investigated as a manifold phenomenon. A basic understanding regards general human existential conditions, like transcendence and agency. I have further put substantial weight on the role of the reindeer; however, not in a traditional “determinist” way. Without excluding the possibility of a variable resource base, I argue that the Ahrensburgian groups, or segments of them, had a strong solidarity with reindeer and reindeer herds – bodily, ideologically and socially – all of which are seen as inextricably linked. The Ahrensburgians were The Reindeer People, and moving into new lands, as the climatic conditions for this species moved northwards, is understood as the groups’ quest for preserving an identity. This ideological factor, seen in combination with social processes connected to subtle relations of power and prestige, is understood as relevant backgrounds to understanding the pioneer settlement in Norway.

Forfatters adresse:

Ingrid Fuglestvedt, Institutt for arkeologi, konservering og historiske studier (IAKH)
(Institute of Archaeology, Conservation and Historical Studies)
Postboks 1008 Blindern, NO-0315 OSLO
Telefon kontor               + 47 22 84 19 41       . Telefax + 47 22 84 19 01.

Utgiver: Arkeologisk museum i Stavanger

Ingrid Fuglestvedt